Ayurveda possesses a wealth of special clinical procedures, including the use of steam, therapy, oil massage, and its own Pancha karma methods of purification that include everything from enemas to nasal medications. Ayurveda has special rejuvenation techniques for body and mind that strengthen immunity and retard aging, emplying natural methods of diet, herbs, exercise, yoga and meditation.
KEY THERAPIES IN AYURVEDA
I. SYNCHRONISED MASSAGE
This is subjecting the body with comfortable strokes along with the application of medicated oils. This therapy comforts the person, improves blood circulation, prevents absorption of inflammatory exudations, removes obesity and pain in the body, relieves fatigue and promotes development of muscles.
II. STEAM BATH
It is procedure by which the person is made to perspire by the application of medicated steam all over the body, except the head. Indicated for neurological aliments, rheumatism, pain all over the body, stiffness of back, arthritis, skin diseases etc.
III. NJAVARA KIZHI
By this procedure, the whole body or a particular part there of is made to sweat by the gentle massage with medical puddings as boluses tied up in Muslin bag. This is applied for two or four masseurs for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 14 days. Indicated for neurological diseases, rheumatism, arthritis, emaciation of limbs, high blood pressure, cholesterol, and certain kinds of skin diseases.
It is a suedation therapy done by pouring warm medicated oil over the body from a particular height with a regular speed of flow for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for a period of 07 to 21 days. This is effective in paralysis, hemiplegia, arthritis, stiffness of limbs, Sexual weakness, nervous weakness, spastic conditions. It is also a rejuvenation therapy.
V. SIRO DHARA
It is a process by which medicated oil, milk etc. are poured in a continuous stream in the forehead. Indicated for neurological diseases, insomnia, depression, chronic head aches, sleeplessness and burning sensation in the head.
It is deep dry massage using herbal powders for about 30 to 45 minutes daily for a period of 14 to 28 days. . This reduces obesity, imparts mobility to joints, strengthens muscles and refreshes the body.
VII. SIRO VASTHI
This is a treatment for brain strength. In this, a cap, made up of flexible leather will be fixed on the head and slightly warm oil will be poured inside for about 15 to 60 minutes per day according to the patients conditions for a period of 07 days. The treatment is highly effective for facial paralysis, dryness of nostrils, mouth and throat, severe headaches and other vatha originated diseases.
VIII. KADI DHARA
It is a sedation therapy done by pouring warm liquid extract of cooked fermented grains over the body with nozzled pitcher. This is effective in all rheumatic complaints especially in rheumatoid arthritis.
IX. DHARA ( THAKRA DHARA & KSHEERA DHARA )
Herbal oils, Medicated milk, Medicated butter milk etc., are poured on the forehead in a special method for about 45 minutes in a day for a period of 07 to 21 days. This treatment is mainly for insomnia, vatha predominated diseases, mental tension and certain skin diseases.
Herbal leaves and herbs or herbal powders are applied to the whole body in blouses with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes per day for a period of 07 to 14 days. Recommended for Osteoarthritis, arthritis with swelling, spondilosis etc.
Pouring medicated ghee on eyes for improving eyesight.
XII. CHOORNA SWEDAM
In this procedure, the whole body is made to sweat by massaging with herbal powder as boluses tied in cloth. Indicated for neurological disorders, rheumatism and arthritis.
Herbal oils, herbal extracts etc., are applied through the rectum daily for a period of 5 to 25 days. The treatment is for arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, numbness, gastric complaints associated with rheumatism and constant constipation.
Herbal juices, medicated oils etc., are applied through nose for 07 to 14 days. This treatment is highly effective for certain kinds of headaches, paralysis, mental disorders, some type of skin diseases etc.
XIV. SNEHA PANAN
Medicated Ghee is given internally in a proportionally increased quantity for a period of 08 to 12 days. This treatment is for Osteoarthritis, psoriasis, lukaemia etc.
XV. YONI PRAKASHALANAM
Herbal oils and decoctions are applied through the vaginal route. This treatment is good for gynecological disorders. It is also a purification process for genital organs.
XVI. KATI VASTHI
Specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept over the lower back with herbal paste boundary. This treatment is good for any type of back pain and spinal disorders. The treatment lasts for 45 mins to 01 hr.
Special type of Oil Massage in which strokes are given according to the diseases for 45 minutes per day for 14 days. This treatment is very useful for obesity, especially for diabetic gangrene etc.
XVIII. URO VASTHI
Warm medicated oil is kept over the chest for 45 minutes. This is an effective treatment for Asthma, other respiratory problems, heart diseases and muscular chest pain.
XIX. KSHEERA DHOOMAM
This is fomentation with medicated cow milk. This treatment is good for facial paralysis, Bell’s palsy, speech disorders and other nervous disorders of the face.
Medicated herbal paste is applied on the affected part. This is useful for various types of inflammatory conditions.
Special powder mixed with medicated oil applying on the top of the head for 20 to 45 mins. This treatment is helpful for insomnia, migraine etc..